Sterling Office
46440 Benedict Dr
Suite 111
Sterling, VA 20164

Turf Toe

Our team of podiatric specialists and staff strive to improve the overall health of our patients by focusing on preventing, diagnosing and treating conditions associated with your feet. Please use our podiatric library to learn more about podiatric problems and treatments available. If you have questions or need to schedule an appointment, please feel free to contact us.

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Step Away from Foot Pain (2 pages)

Bunion Deformities and Treatment (4 pages)

Plantar Fascitis - Heel Pain (2 pages)

Heel Spurs (2 pages)

Plantar Fascitis: Treatment Program (2 pages)

Shin Splints (2 pages)

Posterior Tibial Tendonitis (2 pages)

Achilles Tendon Injuries (3 pages)

Morton's Neuroma (3 pages)

Ingrown Toenailes (2 pages)

Stiff Arthritic Big Toe (2 pages)

Ankle Sprain (3 pages)

Calcaneal Apophysitis - Children's Heel Pain (2 pages)

Haglunds Deformity - Pump Bump (1 page)

Subluxed Cuboid Syndrome (1 page)

Tailor's Bunionette (1 page)

Seismoiditis (2 pages)

Hyperpronation and Foot Pain (10 pages)


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What is Turf Toe?

Turf toe is a sprain of the big toe joint resulting from injury during sports activities. The injury usually results from excessive upward bending of the big toe joint. The condition can be caused from either jamming the toe, or repetitive injury when pushing off repeatedly when running or jumping. Although this injury is most commonly reported in football players, participants in soccer, basketball, wrestling, gymnastics and dance also are at risk.

Causes

The name “turf toe” comes from the fact that this injury is especially common among athletes who play on artificial turf. When playing sports on artificial turf the foot can stick to the hard surface, resulting in jamming of the big toe joint. There has also been some indication that less-supportive flexible shoes worn on artificial turf are also to blame.

Symptoms

The signs and symptoms of turf toe can include pain, swelling, and limited joint movement.

If turf toe is caused by repetitive actions that cause injury, the signs and symptoms will usually begin slowly and can gradually worsen. Turf toe can also be caused by a direct injury leading to damage of the bone beneath the cartilage. If direct injury is the cause, the signs and symptoms may begin suddenly and get worse over a 24-hour period.

Diagnosis

To arrive at a diagnosis, the foot and ankle surgeon will obtain your medical history and examine your foot. X-rays are typically ordered to rule out any broken bone. Other advanced imaging studies may also be helpful for proper diagnosis.

Treatment 

Initial treatments include rest, ice, compression, and elevation. (RICE), as well as a change to less-flexible footwear. Operative treatment is reserved for individuals with severe cases and prolonged pain.